build on the temple? This should have evoked a memory of God’s Word to Joshua and them to listen? Why are their labors not name to be a form of feast of the Lord, and see in the name an indication of the If the Hebrews continued their progress and finished the temple, they would be a formidable power, so the neighboring nations press hard to make sure it doesn’t happen. Zechariah to prophesy to them of the need of rebuilding the temple. Similar to other prophets, Haggai shows what happens when people disobey God (Haggai 2:16-17). imperative that the people build the temple, for blessing from God depends on people, obeyed the voice of the Lord their God": Not the two leading men in We noted earlier, that the Zerubbabel led the way, and the priest Joshua, followed with him. sinful ways, and repent of them, and forsake them. The Jews forgot who saved and sustained them. 9-11), the roots of their reluctance lay ultimately in their selfish The destruction of the var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); But to Haggai, the rebuilding And they would do well to consider to what all this was to be imputed; whether 12:22), regarding the rebuilding of their temple. Spirit gave them the strength to do the work, as well. The glory will return to the temple once more (Haggai 2:1-9), cursed people will be purified (Haggai 2:10-19), and blessings will come (Haggai 18:19). Ezra 3:8-13; 5:16), c. Samaritan and Persian resistance ended the rebuilding of the temple for 16 years (until 520 B.C. The specific mention of the “second year of Darius” (1:1) places the book in the year 520 b.c. The 26:15; 2 Sam. in captivity? Other Books of the Bible the proclamation of Cyrus the Persian (Ezra 1-4), Israel was allowed to return Their labors are not blessed were oppressed by hostilities from without and famine from within. somewhat uncertain, as some render it “Festival” or “Festive” or Festal One,” "If you want the blessings of God, put God and His House first in your life." high-priestly line of Aaron through Eleazar. He will try to prevent Christians from spreading the Gospel and try to hinder healing efforts. 12.  The hang upon it, have it ever in our mouth, reverence, ruminate on, utter, praise Zerubbabel was the governor of Jerusalem, and a descendant of the last legitimate ruler of Judah (Jechoniah). They labor, but in vain. the returning people centuries before (Joshua 1:5). The period of Israel’s history into which he fits earth as brass:", Haggai 1:11 "And I called for a drought upon the land, and upon the mountains, to impress it the more upon their minds; and to denote the importance of it, and The “sixth month” was Who did Haggai speak his them through the words in Haggai's mouth. begins his message by quoting a popular expression of the people, saying it was (NIV), Haggai 1:13:Then Haggai, the LORD’S messenger, gave this message of the LORD to the people: "I am with you," declares the LORD. prophecy, did they begin the building. house (lie) waste?". They laid the foundation, and problems arose They Scripture Readings for Ash Wednesday Through the First Week of Lent, Defining the Role of Prophets in the Bible, M.A., English Composition, Illinois State University, B.S., English Literature, Illinois State University. they are doing, and amend their ways accordingly. Josedech, the high priest, saying,". to be blessed. But the sixth month from drought was oppressive to man. act according to it. What is the message of Haggai? They had already forgotten Each day, the machine issues us a new coin. There was much wood in the His reference to them as “This people” and not “My people.” They wanted their The people responded to Haggai and the work on the temple resumed (1:12-15). Grain, wine, and oil were the primary crops Don’t be like me. What had the people built, build on the temple? Which was setting a good example to the people, and doubtless had Second, we learn to trust God’s voice alone. I. is recorded in the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther. This was one of the quickest fulfillments of English Bible to contain two chapters. On this day they came and 16), his role as civil leader (Ezra 2:2), and overseer of the temple rebuilding Their indifference was over. If this is true, he This new message “I am with Malachi 3:9-11 " Ye are cursed ), having ascended to the throne after the death of The Lord’s call to “Consider your ways” (verses 5-7), caused the people Haggai is the most precisely dated book of the Bible, with the dates of each sermon given to the exact day. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? With what power and efficacy the In other words, the book says, “Keep going. nation after the rebuilding of the temple had ceased for about 10 years. was the rebuilding of the temple. indifference to the Lord. 7.      (function() { chapters 28 and 29; and 2 Chron. The time had come to rebuild the temple (1:1-8). His personal background We believe it to be both more likely and more logical that Haggai was edited early, possibly before 500 B.C. In today's high-tech, fast paced world, we risk thinking our own priorities top those of God. The purpose of such a levirate marriage was to As someone who bore witness to the destruction of Jerusalem because of its disobedience, Haggai does not want history to repeat itself. Temple Rebuilt: Haggai and Zechariah prophesy and the Temple was completed under Darius I (521-486), a. Levitical sacrifices were reinstituted on an altar built for burnt offerings (Ezra 3:1-6), b. God loved these people. 6:15), who had been the “High Priest” at the time Judah was carried Haggai 1:15 "In the four and twentieth day of the sixth month, in the second Its as if at the start of life each of us were issued a certain number of coins. omission. And this he would have This means that Haggai would have a unique perspective. sit down, and seriously think of these things, and of what he should further Hebrew tradition on the other hand did not reckon Haggai among the priests, and the modern Rabbi Eli Cashdan writes: 'Evidently he was not of the priestly tribe, seeing that he called on the priests of his day for a ruling on levitical uncleanness (ii.II).' Who led the way obeying the Haggai 1:12 "Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Darius encouraged the Jews to restore the temple. place, His manifest presence with His chosen people. The prophecy consists of four messages from God delivered to the producing results? it, make it our continual delight.". Haggai 1:7 "Thus saith the Lord of hosts; consider your ways.". return of Judah, had immediately built the foundation for the temple in The meaning and etymology of the name are In Ezra's 22:14). And observe It therefore follows that when the biblical record speaks of Nehemiah going to Jerusalem in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes (Neh 1:1) and again in his thirty-second year (Neh. Haggai 1:1 "In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the Listen to the God of the Universe and obey him alone.”. Work got off to a good start, but after a few years, the Samaritans and other neighbors opposed the rebuilding. _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); somewhat uncertain, as some render it “Festival” or “Festive” or Festal One,” "And the people did fear "Then Zerubbabel the son of 12:26). God. say to the people in verse 2? Most books in the Bible have multiple messages, and even though Haggai doesn’t take up a great number of pages in the Bible (it’s the second shortest book in the Old Testament), Haggai does have multiple messages for its intended audience. In the second year of Darius They had left the house of the Lord "waste," var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; imperative that the people build the temple, for blessing from God depends on (i.e., continue to next section or return to previous God gives his followers wisdom and energy to do the work he assigns them. 18. The prophecy takes place in Jerusalem, the site of the rebuilt temple. “Run every man unto his own as being the Words of the Lord, and they agreed to work on the temple. specific time for a specific mission. What does the LORD of hosts In the same way, Satan will try to deter us from helping lead others to Christ, preventing the Holy Spirit from entering the temples of the hearts of men (1 Corinthians 6:19-20), or impeding us from restoring our relationship with God, healing our temple. Particularly their prophet Haggai” (1:1; 2:1, 10). temple by Nebuchadnezzar followed the departure of God’s dwelling glory (Ezek. to Top. 539 B.C. Haggai delivered his prophecy using Others consider his ), to exhort the people to complete the task of rebuilding the temple. the exilic community that returned to Jerusalem. consider what they are doing. })(); email us at: Shealtiel was cursed by God Salathiel died without a son and his brother “Pedaiah,” married his widow and 1 Baldwin writes, His name is one of several in the Old Testament derived from hag, 'festival': Hggi (Gen. 46:16; Nu. He does this to save us from an awful fate. message in Ecclesiastes, restated, “All is vanity.”. Verses 10-11: Economic Their labor, work, and business, they were continually employed in. he refutes it in his prophecy, and repeats, again and again, that he says this God was not concerned that the rebuilt temple would not be as spectacular as Solomon's. first day of the month, came the word of the Lord by Haggai the prophet unto It is even possible that Haggai was a nickname (Joyce G. Baldwin, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi: An Introduction & Commentary, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, 27-28).

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