By land area, South America is the world's fourth largest continent after Asia, Africa, and North America. Weather South America, Satellite Weather South America, Weather Forecast, Rainfall, Clouds, Sun in South America. Measurable rain falls on an average of 200 days a year here, and total rainfall often approaches 100 inches per year. The country covers a total of 163,820 square kilometres. South America Cities in This Class Dsa Humid Continental Climate - Dry Warm Summer Coldest month averaging below 0 C (32 F) and at least one month's average temperature above 22 C (71.6 F) and at least four months The continent is mostly made up of lowlands, highlands, and the Andes mountain range, which is the longest mountain range in the world. Every country in South America recognizes the separation of church and state. The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed with the intention of allocating land in South America to both Spain and Portugal. Five South American countries - namely Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela - are recognized as "megadiverse". The second largest of all South American islands is the island of Marajó, which is found in Brazil. Snow forecast map for South America showing snow accumulation over the next 10 days and past 7 days, plus snow reports, live weather conditions and webcams. The tallest peak in the Andes is Aconcagua in Argentina, which measures 6,960.8 meters. The countries claiming the most Christians are Paraguay (96%), Ecuador (93%), Bolivia (93%), and Venezuela (91%). South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. In areas of north Argentina and Paraguay, which fall near the Tropic of Capricorn, rainfall is sparse and temperatures tend to be warm. Please let us know if you agree. Other major cities include Bogotá, Colombia (7.8 million), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (6.5 million), and Santiago, Chile (5.5 million). Throughout South America's early history of human inhabitants, it was widely an agrarian society, meaning that its residents survived off of the land, using staples such as fish and beans for food. Precipitation Outlook for South America Related Maps: Climate outlook for Temperature and Soil Moisture South America climate guide Check climate guides for South America showing average temperature, rainfall & sunshine figures for each month of the year. Spanish is spoken by the second-highest number of people in South America, and is the majority language in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Bolivia. South America has coastline that measures around 25,427 km. The same thing goes for areas close to the Equator, including the Amazon Rainforest. 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